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Blockade of vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor 2 (VIPR2) signaling suppresses cyclin D1-dependent cell-cycle progression in MCF-7 cells

Published date

March 1, 2024


"Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptor 2 (VIPR2) is a G protein-coupled receptor that binds to Gαs, Gαi, and Gαq proteins to regulate various downstream signaling molecules, such as protein kinase A (PKA), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), and phospholipase C. In this study, we examined the role of VIPR2 in cell cycle progression. KS-133, a newly developed VIPR2-selective antagonist peptide, attenuated VIP-induced cell proliferation in MCF-7 cells. The percentage of cells in the S-M phase was decreased in MCF-7 cells treated with KS-133. KS-133 in the presence of VIP decreased the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), AKT, and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β), resulting in a decrease in cyclin D1 levels. In MCF-7 cells stably-expressing VIPR2, KS-133 decreased PI3K activity and cAMP levels. Treatment with the ERK-specific kinase (MEK) inhibitor U0126 and the class I PI3K inhibitor ZSTK474 decreased the percentage of cells in the S phase. KS-133 reduced the percentage of cells in the S phase more than treatment with U0126 or ZSTK474 alone and did not affect the effect of the mixture of these inhibitors. Our findings suggest that VIPR2 signaling regulates cyclin D1 levels through the cAMP/PKA/ERK and PI3K/AKT/GSK3β pathways, and mediates the G1/S transition to control cell proliferation."

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