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Chemoattractant receptor signaling in humoral immunity

Published date

April 4, 2024


"Efficient induction of humoral immune responses depends on orchestrated migration of B cells within lymphoid organs, which is governed by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) responding to chemoattractants, represented by chemokines. After ligand binding, GPCRs are phosphorylated by different GPCR kinases (GRKs) at distinct sites on the receptor C termini, which dictates functional outcomes of β-arrestin-mediated signaling, ranging from receptor inactivation to effector molecule activation. However, the molecular mechanisms by which individual GRKs are selectively targeted to GPCRs have been poorly understood. Our recent study revealed that a protein complex consisting of copper metabolism MURR1 domain-containing (COMMD) 3 and 8 (COMMD3/8 complex) functions as an adaptor that recruits a specific GRK to chemoattractant receptors and plays an important role in the control of B cell migration during humoral immune responses. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of chemoattractant receptor signaling in the context of humoral immunity and discuss the potential of the COMMD3/8 complex as a therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases."

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