"C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) is G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) and plays important roles in various inflammatory diseases and cancers, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), atherosclerosis, asthma, and pancreatic cancer. Upregulation of CXCR2 is closely associated with the migration of neutrophils and monocytes. To date, many small-molecule CXCR2 antagonists have entered clinical trials, showing favorable safety and therapeutic effects. Hence, we provide an overview containing the discovery history, protein structure, signaling pathways, biological functions, structure-activity relationships and clinical significance of CXCR2 antagonists in inflammatory diseases and cancers. According to the latest development and recent clinical progress of CXCR2 small molecule antagonists, we speculated that CXCR2 can be used as a biomarker and a new target for diabetes and that CXCR2 antagonists may also attenuate lung injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)."