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High expression of GPR50 promotes the proliferation, migration and autophagy of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro

Published date

June 26, 2023


"G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play important roles in tumorigenesis and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). GPR50 is an orphan GPCR. Previous studies have indicated that GPR50 could protect against breast cancer development and decrease tumor growth in a xenograft mouse model. However, its role in HCC remains indistinct. To detect the role and the regulation mechanism of GPR50 in HCC, GPR50 expression was analyzed in HCC patients (gene expression omnibus database (GEO) (GSE45436)) and detected in HCC cell line CBRH-7919, and the results showed that GPR50 was significantly up-regulated in HCC patients and CBRH-7919 cell line compared to the corresponding normal control. Gpr50 cDNA was transfected into HCC cell line CBRH-7919, and we found that Gpr50 promoted the proliferation, migration, and autophagy of CBRH-7919. The regulation mechanism of GPR50 in HCC was detected by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) analysis, and we found that GPR50 promoted HCC was closely related to CCT6A and PGK1. Taken together, GPR50 may promote HCC progression via CCT6A-induced proliferation and PGK1-induced migration and autophagy, and GPR50 could be an important target for HCC."

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