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Identification of a G-protein coupled receptor-related gene signature through bioinformatics analysis to construct a risk model for ovarian cancer prognosis

Published date

June 18, 2024

Abstract


"Background: Ovarian cancer (OV) is a common malignant tumor of the female reproductive system with a 5-year survival rate of ∼30 %. Inefficient early diagnosis and prognosis leads to poor survival in most patients. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs, the largest family of human cell surface receptors) are associated with OV. We aimed to identify GPCR-related gene (GPCRRG) signatures and develop a novel model to predict OV prognosis.

Method: We downloaded data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Prognostic GPCRRGs were screened using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression analysis, and a prognostic model was constructed. The predictive ability of the model was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier (K-M) survival analysis. The levels of GPCRRGs were examined in normal and OV cell lines using quantitative reverse-Etranscription polymerase chain reaction. The immunological characteristics of the high- and low-risk groups were analyzed using single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) and CIBERSORT.

Results: Based on the risks scores, 17 GPCRRGs were associated with OV prognosis. CXCR4, GPR34, LGR6, LPAR3, and RGS2 were significantly expressed in three OV datasets and enabled accurate OV diagnosis. K-M analysis of the prognostic model showed that it could differentiate high- and low-risk patients, which correspond to poorer and better prognoses, respectively. GPCRRG expression was correlated with immune infiltration rates.

Conclusions: Our prognostic model elaborates on the roles of GPCRRGs in OV and provides a new tool for prognosis and immune response prediction in patients with OV."

Authors


Shaohan Ma, Ruyue Li, Guangqi Li, Meng Wei, Bowei Li, Yongmei Li, Chunfang Ha 



Tags


G protein-coupled receptor, Immune infiltration, Molecular marker, Ovarian cancer, Prognostic model, epithelial 

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