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Genome-wide identification of 216 G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) genes from the marine water ...

Genome-wide identification of 216 G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) genes from the marine water flea Diaphanosoma celebensis


G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are considered to have originated from early evolution of eukaryotic species, therefore, the genome-wide identification of GPCR genes can provide insight into the adaptive strategy and evolutionary tendency in an animal taxon. Here, we identified a total 216 full-length GPCR genes in the marine water flea Diaphanosoma celebensis genome, which were classified into five distinct classes (A, B, C, F, and other). Phylogenetic comparison of GPCRs in D. celebensis to those in humans (Homo sapiens), fruitfly (Drosophila melanogaster), and freshwater water flea (Daphnia magna) reveals a high level of orthological relationship of amine, neuropeptide, and opsin receptor repertoire, while purinergic and chemokine receptors were highly differentiated in humans. Our findings suggest sporadic evolutionary processes within the GPCR gene families identified in D. celebensis. In this study, these results may provide a better understanding on the evolution of GPCRs, and expand our knowledge of the cladoceran GPCR gene repertories which in part, mediate cell physiological mechanisms in response to various environmental stimuli.

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