GPR110, a receptor for synaptamide, expressed in osteoclasts negatively regulates osteoclastogenesis
Updated: Sep 22, 2022
"Bone remodeling is precisely regulated mainly by osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Although some G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) were reported to play roles in osteoblast function, little is known about the roles in osteoclasts. In this study, we found, for the first time, that the expression of GPR110 increased during osteoclastogenesis. GPR110 belongs to adhesion GPCR and was the functional receptor of N-docosahexaenoyl ethanolamine (also called synaptamide). Synaptamide suppressed osteoclastogenesis induced by receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand. Considering that synaptamide is the endogenous metabolite of DHA, we hypothesized that DHA may inhibit osteoclastogenesis by affecting synaptamide/GPR110 signaling. But GPR110 knockout and subsequent rescue experiments revealed a pivotal role of GPR110 in the attenuation of osteoclastogenesis by synaptamide but not by DHA. These results suggest that synaptamide/GPR110 signaling negatively regulates osteoclastogenesis. Our study suggested that ligands of GPR110, such as synaptamide, might be a useful drug for osteoporotic patients."